delanceyplace.com 3/12/10 - styles of directing
In today's excerpt - successful movie directors can be found within every style
and personality type, from highly controlled and controlling to flexible and improvisational.
Robert Altman (M*A*S*H, Nashville, McCabe and Mrs. Miller, The Player) was an extreme
example of the improvisational approach:
"GRAEME CLIFFORD (assistant director): Altman had a preproduction
speech at the beginning of [a] movie that just captured his whole
approach. He said, 'Anybody can come up to me at any time and give
me any ideas they have or discuss anything they want. Sometimes I'll
use them and sometimes I won't. I may not always have time to tell you
why I'm not going to use your idea, but I'll always listen.' I didn't work
for anybody else for the next five years, and I just assumed everybody
worked this way - the way he treated the crew, the way he treated
actors. I stole that speech and I use it on any movie I make, but you
think many directors say that? ...
"MARK RYDELL (actor and director): Bob [Altman] sent me the script [to The Long
Goodbye]. I looked at it and thought, 'This part is just
not well written.' So I called him and I said, 'Bob, what would you
think if I rewrote this part and made it two hundred percent better? I
have a concept for a character.' He said, 'Go ahead.' The character in
the book was wishy-washy, really, had no character. ... So Larry Tucker and I
decided to make him this Jewish gangster who was insanely brutal,
completely capable of any kind of brutality, yet at the same time deeply
religious, offended that he wasn't in shul, where he should have been
on this night. At the same time, the challenge was to make it funny.
Make it not only cruel and horrendous, but charming and funny. So we
did that. And we sent the pages to Bob. He called back in five minutes
and said, 'That's it. Throw out everything else, I'm inserting your
pages right in the script.' That's the kind of guy he was. All he wanted
was the best from his people.
"One of the first things he used to say on a set was, 'I'm interested in
everything you have to bring.' So he had that remarkably paternal and
constructive quality of nurturing people and giving them permission to
be as good as they can be. He rarely directed them in obvious ways. His
ways were more subtle. He would encourage you. 'What've you got in
mind?' he would say. 'Show me. That's great, let's use it.'
"His directorial style was improvisational and permissive. And actors
loved him because of it. Because they could bring their skills and their
instincts, which he admired and respected, to the moment. If it came
from you, he was interested. He didn't want to give you something and
have you execute it because he knew that anything he gives you is by
nature less good than what you come up with yourself. He instinctively
knew that the way to get relaxed and realistic performances was to
encourage the creative spirit of each individual actor, and he cast that
way. He cast in an effort to find people who are inventive."
Mitchell Zuckoff, Robert Altman, Knopf, Copyright 2009 by the Estate of Robert B.
Altman and Mitchell Zuckoff, pp. 155, 248.